Operative Surgery and Topographic AnatomyInternational Students — Lesson 4

Topographic anatomy of the gluteal region, hip joint, anterior and posterior thigh, knee joint area Femoral triangle. Femoral canal, femoral hernia. Gunter's channel. Topographic anatomy of the neurovascular bundle of the anterior, posterior thigh and popliteal fossa. Knee joint, structural features, bags and torsion of the knee joint. Puncture of the knee joint. Access to the femoral and popliteal arteries.

Контрольные вопросы

  1. Topographic anatomy of the gluteal region. Fascia and cellular spaces and their clinical significance. Anatomical ways of spreading inflammatory processes from the gluteal region.
  2. Supra- and subpiriformis holes. Upper and lower gluteal and genital neurovascular bundles. Features of stopping bleeding in case of damage to the upper episodic artery.
  3. Topographic anatomy of the hip joint. Features of blood supply. Weak points of the articular bag. Ways of spreading purulent processes. Joint punctures. Arthrotomy.
  4. Topographic anatomy of the anterior thigh area. Femoral triangle, neurovascular bundle. Wide hip fascia. Cellular space of the femoral (Skarpovsky) triangle.
  5. Topographic anatomy of the occlusal canal. Its clinical significance.
  6. Topographic anatomy of the femoral canal. Features of the arrangement of vessels.
  7. Topographic anatomy of the adductor (gunther) chanal. Its clinical significance.
  8. Topographic anatomy of the femoral artery. Access, exposure and ligation of it in the upper, middle and lower thirds of the thigh. Ways of development of collateral circulation.
  9. Topographic anatomy of the femoral vein and superficial veins of the thigh.
  10. Topographic anatomy of the posterior thigh area. Neurovascular bundle. Projection, access and exposure of the sciatic nerve.
  11. The case structure. Ways of spreading inflammatory processes on the hip. Incisions with phlegmon of the gluteal region and thigh.
  12. Topographic anatomy of the posterior knee area. Popliteal fossa. Topography of neurovascular formations. Operative access to vessels. The cellular space of the popliteal fossa. Ways of spreading purulent processes.
  13. Topographic anatomy of the knee joint. Ligamentous apparatus. Joint capsule, its weak points. Synovial convolutions of the joint and their role in the spread of purulent congestion in arthritis. Blood supply and innervation. Joint punctures. Arthrotomy.


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